Management of front line chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Abstract

Treatment options with targeted agents have changed the treatment landscape of CLL profoundly. Besides chemoimmunotherapy, treatment regimen approved for frontline therapy include continuous treatment with BTK inhibitors like ibrutinib and acalabrutinib or fixed-duration regimen like venetoclax-obinutuzumab with the approval of venetoclax-ibrutinib to be awaited. Although these agents have usually manageable side effects, toxicities might limit choices for the individual patient. We here discuss latest trial data and propose a treatment algorithm for frontline treatment of CLL according to fitness and relevant genetic risk factors like IGHV mutational status and TP53 aberrations.