A Phase I Study of LSZ102, an Oral Selective Estrogen Receptor Degrader, with or without Ribociclib or Alpelisib, in Patients with Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer

Purpose:

Data are sparse for oral selective estrogen receptor (ER) degraders (SERD) in cancer treatment. The investigational oral SERD LSZ102 was assessed in monotherapy and combination use in a phase I study.

Patients and Methods:

A phase I, multicenter, open-label dose-escalation study (NCT02734615) of LSZ102 alone (arm A; n = 77) or with ribociclib (arm B; n = 78) or alpelisib (arm C; n = 43) in heavily pretreated adults with histologically confirmed ER-positive breast cancer and prior disease progression. Arm A received LSZ102 200–900 mg/day; arm B, LSZ102 200–600 mg/day plus ribociclib 300–600 mg/day; arm C, LSZ102 300–450 mg/day plus alpelisib 200–300 mg/day. Key outcomes were dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) in the first 28-day treatment cycle, adverse events (AE), laboratory parameters, pharmacokinetics, biopsy ER protein, and investigator-assessed clinical response (RECIST v1.1).

Results:

The most common AEs were gastrointestinal. Treatment-related serious AEs occurred in 10% of participants (19/198), mostly in arm C [10/43 (23%)]. DLTs occurred in: arm A, 5% (4/77); arm B, 3% (2/78); and arm C, 19% (8/43). LSZ102 exposure was slightly greater than dose proportional. On-treatment biopsy ER reductions were observed, with a trend toward an LSZ102 dose response. Objective response rates (95% confidence interval) were: arm A, 1.3% (0.0–7.0); arm B, 16.9% (9.3–27.1); and arm C, 7.0% (1.5–19.1), and clinical benefit rates 7.8% (2.9–16.2), 35.1% (24.5–46.8), and 20.9% (10.0–36.0), respectively.

Conclusions:

LSZ102 was well tolerated alone and with ribociclib and had a manageable safety profile with alpelisib. Preliminary clinical activity was observed in combination use.