SUBCUTANEOUS IMMUNOGLOBULINS IN CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKAEMIA WITH SECONDARY ANTIBODY DEFICIENCY. A MONOCENTRIC EXPERIENCE DURING COVID?19 PANDEMICS

Abstracts

Secondary antibody deficiency (SAD) is a frequent manifestation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) that increases the risk of infections. However, no formal guideline are available regarding the eligibility for prophylaxis or the delivery method, dosage, frequency of administration and duration of immunoglobulin replacement therapy (IgRT). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous IgRT (SCIg) and its impact on quality of life (QoL) of CLL pts in the Covid-19 era. Ten CLL pts with SAD were treated with subcutaneous IgRT (SCIg) at our institution between October 2019 and December 2020. Median age was 66 years and five patients had comorbidities. Seven patients were receiving therapy for CLL when treatment with SCIg was initiated. All pts received 10 g total dose hyaluronidase-free SCIg independently from body weight. The IgG level and CD4/CD8, CD19 and CD16/56 lymphocytes subset were recorded at baseline and every three months. No patient experienced infectious events nor Covid-19 mediated interstitial pneumonia while on SCIg therapy. All patients tolerated well the therapy and experienced an increase of IgG levels, which was then stable in time. We conclude that SCIg administration in CLL pts with SAD is efficacious and safe as infectious prophylaxis. This route of administration appears particularly advantageous in the Covid-19 era, because of the self-administration at home which results in improvement in the QoL and reduced treatment expenditures.

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